[ Jakarta, INDONESIA ]
Also known as the “Great Garuda,” Jakarta’s plan for a 15-mile outer sea wall, was first unveiled in 2014. The sea wall is intended to protect the Jakarta area from flooding caused by increasing land subsidence.
National Capital Integrated Coastal Development (NCICD) would include the development of real estate on new artificial islands reclaimed from the sea.
Jakarta’s northern areas are reported to have sunk some 13 feet in the past 40 years. The city sits on a swampy plain and has long been subject to tidal and seasonal flooding. Apparently, the over-extraction of groundwater for drinking and other uses is largely the cause of the land subsidence.